The airports of LaGuardia in the north and JF Kennedy in the south of Queens are colored blue.
New York [ nu ː ː jɔ ɹk ] (officially City of New York ) is a cosmopolitan city on the east coast of the United States . It is located in the State of New York and, with more than eight million inhabitants the most populous city in the United States. Them from the same state (NY abbreviation) to distinguish, it is also New York City (NYC) called.
The area payday loan includes New York’s five boroughs above mentioned districts Manhattan , The Bronx , Brooklyn , Queens and Staten Iceland . These are further divided into districts. The New York metropolitan region with 18.9 million inhabitants  custom t shirts is one of the major economies and trading places in the world, home to many international corporations and organizations (including the United Nations ) and major seaport on the East Coast. The city enjoys with its wealth of sights, the 500 galleries, 200 museums, more pro flight simulator than 150 theaters and more than 18,000 restaurants worldwide reputation in the fields of arts and culture. According to the Forbes list of World’s Most Expensive Cities To Live of 2009 is New York City the city with the highest cost of living in the United States and one of the most expensive cities in the world. 
After 1524 Giovanni da Verrazano , and in 1609 Henry Hudson , the region of today’s New York explored, settled from 1610 Dutch merchants at the southern tip of the island of Manna-Hatta and soon on the western tip of Long Iceland , today’s Brooklyn. It was not until 1626 bought Peter Minuit, the locals probably Chicago Criminal Attorney Lenni-Lenape Indians , the island “Manna Hatta” from goods worth 60 guilders. The resulting settlement was founded after the name of Nieuw Amsterdam and was first capital of the colony of New Netherland , until it was conquered by the British in 1664 and since then the city got the correct name. Their rise to world city began in 1825 with the completion of the Erie Canal . Today’s city is nicknamed the Big Apple (Big Apple).
New York has gone from the island of Manhattan spread out, now its center and a sharp promontory between Hudson and East River pushes forward. It is located on 40.42 degrees north latitude and 74.00 degrees west longitude to the east coast of the United States in the New York Bay and adjacent to Jersey City . It surrounds the mouth of the Hudson River and East River into the Atlantic Ocean and an average of six feet above the sea level . Buildings and infrastructure of the resort town by the river banks in a host of other suburbs of large cities and extend far inland. The rivers separating Manhattan from the communities of Bronx , Brooklyn , Queens and Staten Iceland (originally called Richmond). The city has a land area of 785.6 km ² (891.85 km ² Berlin), the entire continuous built-up area (agglomeration) of 8683.2 km ². The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Iceland Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of 17,405 km ² and a little further gripped New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area 30,671 km ² (the federal state of Brandenburg 29478.61 km ²).
Satellitenaufname of New York City
Manhattan is on solid bedrock, and so makes it possible to build higher buildings. It is in the rivers of New York surrounded by numerous natural harbors that can be run by ships with large depth. Hudson opens the way to the most important natural hinterland and makes it over the Mohawk River and the Lake Champlain quite easily to the Great Lakes in the north-west and the St. Lawrence River in the north to come. In the width of New York – south of the area, the stronger by icebergs is at risk – the main masses of European immigrants entered the country. The city is on this basis a prominent position in the U.S. and won the world economy. 
The area around the city of New York is a part of the Atlantic coastal plain . Further inland, the landscape gradually changes into rolling hills. On Long Iceland and along the coast from New Jersey to the south there are sandy beaches.
The coastal plain, located in New York presented as the foothills of the southern iPhone Unlock Appalachians to Jacksonville . It consists of sands and clays mainly of moraines and fluvial deposits derived. Long-drawn spits and hooks are the shallow, indented and estuaries ( Delaware Bay ) and upstream of the estuaries, inland tidal marsh followed by a broad belt. Approximately at the latitude of New York, on Long Iceland, appears from the coastal plain below sea level.
→ Main article : Administrative divisions of New York City
The city is divided into five municipalities ( boroughs ) divided, each of which a circle ( County ) of the State of New York meets. Each borough is governed by a borough president .
Manhattan (New York County) ² has 1,585,873 inhabitants (as of April 1, 2010) and a land area of 59.5 km. The community consists mainly of the island of Manhattan, Iceland , by the Hudson River in the west, the East River in the east and from the Harlem River is surrounded in the north-east, and from other smaller islands, including Roosevelt, Iceland , Belmont Iceland , governors Iceland and a small piece of mainland, Marble Hill . Marble Hill was up to the construction of the Harlem River Ship Canal in the 19th Century still part of Manhattan Iceland .
Brooklyn (Kings County) has 2.5047 million inhabitants, making it the most spa covers populous municipality in New York. It is located in the southeast of the city, at the western end of Long Island and has an area of 182.9 square km. The city of Brooklyn, after the Dutch town of Breukelen named and incorporated in 1898 to New York City.
New York City (NYC) on the map of the United States
Queens (Queens County) has 2,230,722 inhabitants and covers an area of 282.9 km ², the largest of the five boroughs of New York. It lies west of the island of Long Iceland . Queens was the first Founded in November 1683, when the colony of New York was divided into counties. In 1898 Wire Cart Covers the district was annexed to New York. There are also two of the largest airports in New York, the John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport .
The Bronx (Bronx County) has 1,385,108 inhabitants ² and an area of 108.9 km. The formerly independent city since 1 January 1874, the northernmost of the five municipalities of New York. It was named after Jonas Bronck , an emigrant from today’s Sweden named and the first settlers in this area. It can also be attributed to the fact that in this part of New York City always preceded by the article, as in “The Bronx”. At the time, has in fact, to announce a visit to the farm of Jonas Bronck, said: “We are going to the Bronck”. Today the name is indeed spelled differently, but the prefixing of the article was retained. Moreover, the Bronx is the only district of New York, which lies on the mainland.
Staten Iceland (Richmond County) has 468 730 inhabitants ² and a land area of 151.5 km. It is located southwest of the island of Manhattan and the west on Long Iceland nearby Brooklyn neighborhood. With Brooklyn on the island is the toll Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connected. In the west and north of the island is through the narrow Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull from New Jersey separately. After leading the New Jersey Goethals Bridge , the Bayonne Bridge and Outerbridge Crossing . The highest point of the island, the Todt Hill is also also the highest point of the city of New York. Previously been deposited on Staten Iceland all the crap of the city, what makes up today partly to problems with odor. Even the rubble of the World Trade Center were brought to Staten Iceland.
The city is located in the temperate zone . The weather in New York is influenced mainly by the continental land masses in the West. Summers are generally warm tropical and cold winters.
The temperature rises in July and August, often above 30 ° C, to a high humidity comes with some heavy rain, thunderstorms often what makes the summer weather is often quite unpleasant. In January, the values drop to below -20 ° C, where it is often sunny. Occasionally brings marine air (the Northeast – the northeast wind) moisture from the Atlantic Ocean as well as strong winds and heavy rain or snowfall.
The average annual temperature is 12.5 ° C and the mean annual rainfall is 1056.4 mm. The warmest month is July with an average of 24.7 ° C and the coldest January with -0.4 ° C on average. Most precipitation falls in the month of April by 99.1 millimeters on average, the fewest in October with 73.2 millimeters on average.
The lowest ever recorded temperature is -26 ° C in January and the highest at 41 ° C in July.
The water temperatures on the New York coast fluctuate between an average of 3 ° C and 23 ° C.
New York City with 8.2 million people the largest city in the United States and one of the largest cities in the world. The population has steadily increased since the beginning of the 20th Century doubled. Since 1825, the city is located on the Atlantic ocean and the waterway of the Hudson River into the interior of the starting point for immigrants from around the world. The further development made New York the largest industrial city and financial capital.
The most important institutions here are the biggest market in the world, the New York Stock Exchange , and many banks, even from abroad, by the very many jobs have been created (mainly for specialists). Other jobs, especially in small businesses services, are usually filled by low-paid.
The city’s population is divided into different layers. The upper class mostly lives just outside the city or in the expensive Manhattan neighborhood. In New York there are many measures of social housing for vulnerable people and families manage the urban housing association NYCHA total of 178 000 social housing, home to some 400,000 people. 
In the city of New York 8,175,133 inhabitants live (April 1, 2010).  The population density is 10 356 inhabitants per km ². The agglomeration of New York-Newark has 17.8 million inhabitants with a population density of 5309 inhabitants per km ² (2000).  In the metropolitan region of New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Iceland live 18,897,109 people (first April 2010),  in which an area of 17,405 km 2 corresponds to a population density of 1,092 inhabitants per km ². The New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area has even 21,961,994 inhabitants (2007), a population density of 716 inhabitants per km ².
The following tables show the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. And 1775 are estimates from 1790 to 2010 census results to the United States Census Bureau .
Origin and population groups
The composition of the population of New York is very heterogeneous and reflects all waves of immigration in American history. The largest group with 35% non-Hispanic whites. Most of the European-born immigrants come from Italy (8%), Ireland (5%) and Germany (3%). Approximately 972 000 inhabitants are Jewish or of Jewish descent , thus accounting for 12% of the total population. New York, making it the city with the largest Jewish community in the world, because more Jews live as a whole Jerusalem has residents.
The proportion of non-Hispanic blacks or African Americans is 24% and, like that of the whites according to the declining trend of the Americas. The other hand are Hispanics with 27% now has the second largest population group. The Asians are the fastest growing group and now account for 12% of the population of New York.
It is noteworthy that African Americans, whites, Asians and Hispanics do not live diffusely distributed, but are concentrated in certain neighborhoods. Sun Manhattan, with the exception of China Town predominantly a residential area of the whites, in northwestern Brooklyn live predominantly black, as well as in the streets north of Central Park in the northwestern districts of Queens, south of La Guardia predominantly Latinos and occasionally Asians, and in the Bronx, hardly whites but mostly Hispanics and blacks in part, etc. 
40.6% of New Yorkers are not born in the United States, of which 19.2% in Latin America (excluding Puerto Rico), 9.4% Asian and 6.4% in Europe.
The following two tables provide the statistical data on population groups / races or the origin / ancestry of the inhabitants of New York in particular dar. All data is self-reported.
Schagen Letter , 1626
Plan of New Amsterdam 1660
New York 1847
View from 1865
Manhattan in 1873
New York, 5th Avenue on Easter Sunday, 1900
New York City, Hester Street in Manhattan at 1903 ( Little Italy )
Manhattan, New York 1931
Queens of view of the skyline with the World Trade Center , 1997
Chinatown in Manhattan
Initial exploration in the area of today’s New York were already in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazano and 1609 by Henry Hudson instead. From 1610 Dutch merchants began a lucrative fur trade with the Indians living there. On 27 March 1614 was the newly formed Plastic Containers Compagnie van Nieuwnederlant (Netherland-company) of the States General a monopoly of trade in the area.
In October 1618, ten months after the end of the trading monopoly, the company applied for a new charter . At this time of the States General, but already the foundation of a new company, the Dutch West India Company (WIC), considered. On 3 June 1621, the WIC was awarded by the Republic of the Seven United Provinces , a charter for the sole trade in America. Colonization began in 1624, when 30 Dutch families settled on the island of Manhattan and the area of Delaware.
1626 bought Peter Minuit the locals, probably a branch of the Lenni-Lenape Indians , who called the island “Manna Hatta” for 60 guilders from the island. The newly founded settlement was called New Amsterdam and became the capital of the colony of New Netherland . In the chaotic conditions prevailing settlement soon. Under the rule of corrupt governors took the enormous crime.
Decided in 1647 the Dutch West India Company, re-establish order. This task should Petrus Stuyvesant take over. During his 17-year tenure as governor, the first hospital, the first prison and the first school was built. As a protection against robbery he did in 1652 in the north of the city across a wall built across the island, the later the road running alongside it should indicate their name, the Wall Street . On 2 Nieuw Amsterdam in February 1653 received its town charter.
During the Second Anglo-Dutch maritime war , the city surrendered on 27 August 1664 without a fight one of Richard Nicolls fleet out of the Royal Navy . The British renamed the city and the colony of Newe York after their former commander of James , Duke of York , brother of Charles II of England , who would later become king himself. 1667 gave the Dutch colony in all claims to the peace of Breda , in which the rights to them for Suriname were assured. The following third English-Dutch war, the Dutch in 1673 by Cornelis Evertsen the colony again a short time before the country through the final signing of the Treaty of Westminster on 19 February 1674 had to give.
In the 18th Century New York was active in the independence movement. 1776 she was briefly the headquarters of George Washington , but was then the British occupied. The latter left the city in 1783 after American independence was recognized by European states including auctions online Britain. In the same denver martial arts year a fire destroyed large parts of New York. Another fire disaster in 1785 devastated other areas of the city.
From 1788 to 1790 New York was the capital of the USA . George Washington was inaugurated here in 1789 Jewish Wedding Gifts as first president. In economically difficult times after the war founded on 17 securities dealers May 1792 the New York Stock Exchange . 1797 Albany instead of New York as the capital of the State of New York determined and has remained so to this day.
Beginning of the 19th Century the city grew faster than ever before. 1811, the City Planner, the entire island of Manhattan, of which only the southern end was built with a grid-like network of roads to pull over. With few exceptions, the most important is the Broadway , this concept is still used today.
A turning point in the history of the city was the completion of the Erie Canal 1825th Through him, a connection between New York, was the Great Lakes and to the Midwest created. Overnight, the city became the largest trading center on the East Coast.
At the same time changed the urban image. To date stamped so-called “brownstone houses” (usually two to four storey buildings from bricks ) on the cityscape. With the expansion and still just becoming flat space led to a large multi-storey apartment buildings. This lavishly designed residential buildings, as they are today among other things, in the Upper West Side at Broadway and 70th to 74 Street can see, has luxury equipment to central dining rooms , where residents also met on social occasions. In order to strengthen confidence in the new location, settled the town planner impressive institutions aware of the new urban spaces, many of which today the National Historic Landmarks are from New chiropractic marketing York. One example is the monumental bank buildings Broadway and 73rd Road or the Carnegie Hall on the corner of 57th Street and 7th Avenues.
Due to the large population growth, poverty and the lack of sewerage in the city slums were, however, despite the rise of epidemics favors. So it happened in 1832 and 1849 cholera epidemics in 1837 spread typhoid and 1842 typhus .   The economic crisis of 1837 had devastating effects, a third of workers and 10 percent of the total population was unemployed at the time and it was to several riots against the conditions. 
Middle of the 19th Century began the planning for a large city park, known as Central Park . Construction began in 1858 and were completed for most of 1866. In the second half of the 19th Century, the flow of immigrants is steadily increasing. Irishmen , Italians , German , all came in the hope of a better life, but most spent many years in hovels ( slums ) as Five Points and the Bowery hcg diet plan . Conflicts erupted partly by force, as in the Draft Riots that plunged the city into chaos, the largest in its history. Due to the strong growth needed to manage change.
In 1898, joined today’s five boroughs Manhattan, Brooklyn, Richmond (now Staten Iceland), Queens and the Bronx to Greater New York together. Parts of the Bronx had belonged since 1874 to the city of New York. Brooklyn was already before the merger, one of the largest cities in the country. To date, the individual neighborhoods within the city districts, both in administration and in the self-understanding of its inhabitants maintained a certain independence. For example, Little Italy, the name of a district which is inhabited primarily by Italian-born Americans.
In the first half of the 20th Century the city became a center of industry and commerce. In the “Roaring Twenties” New York Stock Exchange fell into a frenzy, on 24 October 1929, the Black Thursday , took a sudden end. The economic crisis has hit New York hard and the incompetent, corrupt city government of pikalainaa Mayor Jimmy Walker was completely overwhelmed and the city owes.
The unemployment rate rose to over 25%. People lost their jobs and their homes. The turning point came with the mayor Fiorello LaGuardia after his election in 1933 launched relief and works programs. Beginning of the 20th Century saw the first skyscrapers , such as the Woolworth Building (1913), the Empire State Building (1931) and the Chrysler Building (1930), which have become landmarks of the city.
After the Second World War it was optimistic after a short phase of rapid decline. The middle class moved to the suburbs and the industry migrated from. Like many other U.S. cities also suffered from New York in the 1960 race riots in years. In the 1970s, crime was rampant, and in 1975 the city had its bankruptcy declared. 1977 there was a 25-hour power failure, which led pikalainaa to looting and fires. This power outage was the dilapidated state of the city for all to see.  Ed Koch rehabilitated during his tenure as mayor (1978-1989), the municipal budget. In the economic boom of the 1980s, the Wall Street again took a leading role in the financial world. In the 1990s, the popular mayor achieved Rudolph Giuliani with the so-called zero tolerance policy with some success, the crime rate fell dramatically, with the participation of civil protection organization Guardian Angels . Overall, the number of crimes of 1990-2007 decreased by 77%.  Because of the improved security and economic recovery, it was again fashionable to live in the city. This alone increased in the 1990s, the population of 7.3 million to 8 million.
At the 11th September 2001 , the World Trade Center (WTC) by a terrorist attack destroyed never before seen scale. The complex was built in 1993 by a bomb in the underground garage of the complex shaken (with six dead and hundreds injured). It took until May 2002, until the cleanup at the so-called Ground Zero had stood on the site where the WTC could be terminated. At Ground Zero is a memorial and the 541 meter One World Trade Center caused to be after its completion the tallest building in town. The construction began in 2006, 2013, the opening provided. The Memorial will be completed Relevant Life Insurance by 2011 in parts, then from 2012 to 2013 to complete. A new railway station at the World Trade Center is under construction and the addition should be completed also in 2013.
The payments deficit of the city was more than seven billion U.S. dollars . End of 2002, more tourists came to New York than in the years before the terrorist attacks.
In some regions put up to three weeks of continuous power outage in 2003, large parts of North America including New York lame.
The Congress of the Republican Party was in 2004 in Madison Square Garden in New York. 2004, the decision was made to the Memorial – the memorial to the victims of the terrorist attacks electronic cigarettes in 2001 – at Ground Zero. The companies chosen were the architects Michael Arad and Max Bond and landscape planner Peter Walker’s design of “Reflecting Absence” (The reflection of the absence). The memorial will consist of several basins of water, a paved stone field and different groups of trees, which symbolize the broader life STD Testing after the destruction of the WTC. Underground museum will be established to remember the victims and destruction. At the last remnants of the WTC buildings past the visitors will be able to get into the museum.
The New York City Hall is the free iPhone ringtones oldest town hall in the nation, still fulfills its original mission.
The Manhattan Municipal Building , after the unification of the districts in 1898 to New York City built
View from Rockefeller Center in Midtown and Lower Manhattan
Night in Manhattan
The skyline of lower Manhattan from a distance
At the head of the City of New York is the mayor ( mayor ), elected by the people for a term of four years. He appointed him as Director of Administration responsible Commisson parts (Deputy for the Department ). The City Council (City Council) consists of 51 members and is also elected every four years. Both the mayor and the members of the council can be elected only for three consecutive terms in office, they can then, after four years, but re-election. New York City has its own responsibilities for schools, prisons, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, water supply and sanitation, and public welfare. 
Since the first January 2002, Michael Bloomberg, the 108th Mayor of New York. He is known as the founder of information services, news and media company Bloomberg LP , headquartered in New York. In 2001 he won the mayoral election and became the successor of Rudolph Giuliani on. To not have to compete in the primaries, who joined the Democrat Bloomberg before the election, the party and joined the Republicans in. In 2005 he was reelected with 58.5% of the votes cast. His challenger, Fernando Ferrer, the Democratic Party received 38.7%. 2009 Bloomberg was again re-elected with 50.6%, while Ferrer came to 46% of the vote. The next elections are scheduled for November 2011.
Rudolph Giuliani was the 107th Mayor of New York from 1 January 1994 to 31 December 2001, and, above all by its occurrence after the pay day loan terrorist attacks of 11th September 2001 at the World Trade Center popular. In the battle to succeed the outgoing mayor Ed Koch, Giuliani defeated in 1989 as candidate of the Republican Party and the Liberal Party, the Democrat David Dinkins , who was the first black mayor of New York.
Five years later, Giuliani, Dinkins ran successfully against incumbent in an election that divided the city for their racial groups. Giuliani also benefited from the support of U.S. President Bill Clinton in favor of Democrat Dinkins. 1997 Giuliani was confirmed by the voters by a large majority. In his first term (1994-1997) was Giuliani the crime problem with a strict ” Law and Order “on policy. He introduced an aggressive police surveillance, which led to a decrease in the number of cases in almost all crime categories. Giuliani sat in New York, the so-called zero tolerance policy to.
Through this policy, the image of New York walked in the eyes of tourists and citizens. The impression of a crime-ridden metropolis , as it existed in the years before his term gave way to a vibrant, safe city. There was less graffiti in the subways and an economic recovery, because people are outdoors at night felt safe again. Critics complained that the increased police presence has led to more distrust among blacks and other minorities to the law enforcement officers. Well-known incidents of police brutality during Giuliani’s tenure include the death of the unarmed Amadou Diallo and the use of force in police custody, Abner Louima toward.
Culture and sights
The Rockefeller Plaza at Christmas Time
33rd Street – looking west
New York has many architectural sights, 500 galleries, 200 museums, more than 150 theaters, many department stores and over 18,000 restaurants. The city is a cultural and artistic center of the American east coast and beyond in these areas as the world’s formative. Almost all the cultural attractions are located in Manhattan. This is determined primarily by the skyscrapers in Midtown skyline. In 1902 Opened the triangular Flatiron Building was the first skyscraper in the city. Further include the Woolworth Building of 1913, the Art Deco-style Chrysler Building in 1930 and in 1939 completed building complex of the Rockefeller Center with the NBC studio. Among the most visited monuments in the world counts the Empire State Building from 1931, which has been the destruction of the World Trade Center in September 2001, again the tallest building in the city. Around 3.5 million visitors each year looking down from the observation deck of New York.
The urban landscape characterized by many churches, for example, in 1879, completed in Saint Patrick’s Cathedral, the Cathedral Church of Saint John the Divine (begun 1892), the Trinity Church at the end of Wall Street, the “United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism” and ” Armenian Apostolic Church of America Eastern Prelacy. ”
One of New York City landmark, the Statue of Liberty from 1886 to Liberty Iceland , south of Manhattan. Other notable buildings are the most important station of New York, opened in 1913, Grand Central Terminal , the Brooklyn Bridge , which connects Manhattan and Brooklyn, the arena Madison Square Garden and Carnegie Hall , a concert hall. On the East River in Manhattan, the building complex of the United Nations .
Among the tourist attractions still include Brooklyn Heights , an old residential quarter, and Greenwich Village , with its triumphal arch and the Jefferson Market Courthouse , which houses a library, Ground Zero , the place where the World Trade Center – it was at its completion in 1973 with 417 meters the highest building in the world – and Ellis Iceland , the former immigrant -receiving position in the Hudson River.
Well-known hotels include the “Regent” in Wall Street (opened 1842), the “Peninsula” at the corner of 5th Avenue & 55th Street (opened 1900), ” The Plaza “at the corner of 5th Avenue and Central Park opened (1907 and now converted to condominiums), the Waldorf-Astoria on Park Avenue (opened 1930), the “Carlyle” opened in the 76th Street (1931) and the “Four Seasons” opened in the 57th Street (1993).
The center of theater life in New York City is the Broadway musical with performances for every taste. Among the Broadway Theater District is defined as the Times Square between the 41th and 53 Street and between the Sixth and Ninth Avenue . In this district there are about 40 major theaters and about 1,500 so-called “off-Broadway” and “off-off-Broadway” performances per year in smaller theaters.
The first theater, which the previous theater locksmiths district on Herald Square, Times Square was moved to the Empire Theatre. Charles Frohman, the building was built in 1893 with approximately 1,000 seats. It was directly opposite the opera house opened in 1883 the ” Metropolitan Opera “at the old location between the 39th and 40 , Corner of Broadway website hosting .
Lyceum, the oldest in operation theater on Broadway.
Advertising Theater in Times Square.
The Broadway experienced between 1910 and 1930, a variety of theater-ups. The cheap auto insurance quotes oldest, continuously recorded theater from this period is denver accident lawyer the second most Opened in November 1903 “Lyceum”. It was originally called “New Lyceum Theatre,” because the previous Lyceum Theatre from 1885 to the 45th , Corner of Broadway, was demolished due to the new building. It was also the first theater, the electric light throughout the building owned, built by Thomas Alva Edison .
In the 1980s there was a “theatrical deaths” on Broadway, but by physical measures, energy saving measures and the commitment of big names, the crisis has been overcome. In 1988, chose the New York Landmarks Preservation Commission, the most historic buildings, the state theater historic sites to give. Big Broadway successes were Cats , 42nd Street , Les Miserables , The Lion King and The Producers .
Near the Central Park is located including the “Metropolitan Opera House,” short MET , home of the Metropolitan Opera Company and the American Ballet Theatre . It belongs to the complex of ” Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts “, as well as among other things,” Avery Fisher Hall “, home of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, the” New York State Theater, “which Denver Divorce Lawyer shows the New York City Opera and the New York City Ballet , shows the ” Carnegie Hall “and the” Juilliard School “. The ” Radio City Music Hall “comes up with changing events.
Metropolitan Opera at free ipad night
New York is next to Los Angeles , New Orleans and Chicago, one of the most important centers of music in the United States. In addition to numerous venues for classical music including the Metropolitan Opera there are countless jazz – and rock clubs. New York since the late 1920s was the starting point and center again and again various musical developments. With the inhabited mainly by African Americans, Harlem New York is a focal point since the 1920s, African-American culture. Not only the swing , bebop and free jazz had their starting point. Even disco , punk rock and New Wave are connected with New York. Until now New York is the undisputed “capital” of jazz. Moreover, has hip-hop culture originated here, which has since become one of the most important cultural exports of the country and has declared 2005 the New York’s cultural heritage.
View of the main entrance to Theodore Roosevelt Memorial
Pierpont Morgan Library
Among the known scientific, technical and historical museums in New York, the “American Craft Museum”, the “Brooklyn Museum” and ” Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum . ” The ” American Museum of Natural History “(on the corner of Central Park West and 79th Street) is one of the largest natural history museums in the world. On five floors is almost covered the entire history of mankind, from the Stone Age to the Space Age . The collection is so extensive that one day is hardly enough to visit the museum. More than 30 million samples and exhibits it holds for its visitors. These include the 563 carat heavy ” Star of India “, the largest ever found sapphire , a life-sized blue whale , the 19.2 meter long one stem cedar war canoe of the Haida Indians and many dinosaur skeletons, just to name a few. The complex also includes the “Rose Center for Earth and Space” with “the Hayden Planetarium.” The “American Museum of Natural History” has its own IMAX cinema and a private underground station . Outside the main entrance to Central Park is a Theodore Roosevelt Memorial.
Among the better-known museums of fine arts and design, the “include Metropolitan Museum of Art “(exhibits from the ancient Egyptian temple to modern art, opened in 1880), the” Museum of Modern Art “(Museum of Modern Art, in short, MoMA opened in 1929 ) and its branch PS1 in Queens , the ” Frick Collection “opened (1935) and the” Whitney Museum of American Art “(opened 1966), also a branch of the” National Museum of the American Indian ”  , the ” Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum , “the” American Museum of the Moving Image “, the” International Center of Photography , “the” Pierpont Morgan Library , “and the” New Museum of Contemporary Art . ” The “MoMA” is considered the world’s largest museum of contemporary art in the Western world and was reopened in wedding ring 2004 after extensive enhancements in a new building. Some of the above museums are on Fifth Avenue in Upper East Side , the Museum Mile .
The Spiralbau of ” Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum “(1071 Fifth Ave.) was designed by the famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright designed and is similar in construction to a snail shell. It is Lloyd Wright’s only building in New York, was opened in 1959 and houses a collection of contemporary painting and sculpture , including classics by Wassily Kandinsky , Pablo Picasso and Paul Klee .
Not far from Liberty Iceland with the Statue of Liberty is Ellis Iceland , once the first check point for more than twelve million immigrants. Under the name Gibbert Iceland , the island served as the British detention camp for pirates. 1892 to be built there an outpost of the Immigration Department should handle mainly the massive influx of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe. When the outpost closed in 1954, was on the island, which had been enlarged by Landaufschüttung, a huge complex. In the turreted main building is now the “Ellis Iceland Immigration Museum.”
See also: List of museums in New York City
New York has about 5,800 buildings with more than twelve floors of a city of high rises and skyscrapers . The fünfzigsthöchste building in New York after all, measures over 200 meters, which would include already among the highest in Europe. Ever, the tallest building in the city were the twin towers of the World Trade Center : the slightly higher north tower measured 417 meters (527 feet with antenna), the south tower of 415 meters. They were among the terrorist attacks on 11th September 2001 completely destroyed. Since then, the old Empire State Building at 381 meters (including antenna 443 meters) again the tallest building in the city . 2013, the rank of One World Trade Center will be accepted by 541 meters.
Statue of Liberty and Liberty Iceland
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty ( Statue of Liberty ), also known colloquially as “Miss Liberty” or “Lady Liberty” was called on 28 Inaugurated in October 1886 before the New York harbor to greet newcomers and returnees. It is a gift of France to the United States and was originally the 1876 centennial of the American Declaration of Independence will be completed from 1776. The statue stands on Liberty Iceland and, together with Ellis Iceland to Statue of Liberty National Monument . Of the UNESCO , it became the world heritage site declared.
The statue was of Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi designed and Gustave Eiffel , the designer of the Eiffel Tower , conceived the internal iron skeleton. The statue has a height of 46 meters without a base, with base reached its height of 93 meters. Their exterior is made of a copper jacket, which is supported by an internal iron skeleton. Over time, the copper has a green patina layer formed. The stone weight loss pills base houses a museum and was on a star-shaped fort built, the fortifications of the former was modeled in the same place.
The Goddess of Liberty stands with one foot on broken chains symbolize slavery. She holds in her left hand a plaque with the inscription ” JULY IV MDCCLXXVI “- 4 July 1776 – the date of the American Declaration of Independence. With her right hand she holds a torch with a gold-coated flame into the air. The statue is adorned with a crown siebenstrahligen, in which there are 25 windows. The seven rays represent the seven seas and continents and 25 windows symbolizing the 25 gemstones in the world. At the podium is the poem The New Colossus by Emma Lazarus , an allusion to the Colossus of Rhodes , engraved.
Iceland Liberty (“Liberty Island”) is a small, uninhabited island in Upper New York Bay , the original name was Bedloe’s Iceland . On 3 August 1956 Eisenhower named the island in order. It is not, as often assumed, for the State of New Jersey, but is territory of the Federal Government of the United States and by the National Park Service maintained. The island is 600 meters away from the Liberty State Park in Jersey City , New Jersey. From Battery Park in Manhattan, the island is 2.6 km. Although the island territory of New Jersey is not, she is on the New Jersey side facing the boundary line between the states of New Jersey and New York. The distance from the nearby Ellis Island in Iceland is about 1.6 kilometers.
Flat Iron Building
Which in 1902 completed ” Flatiron Building 5th “in 175 meters at 91 Avenue was never actually the tallest building in the city, but it was the beginning of a tourist destination. It was designed by architect Daniel Burnham built. The unconventional triangular floor plan was the building called “Flatiron Building” (= “Iron Building”).
The shape of the oldest remaining skyscraper, New York has the casino consequence that strong winds occur on the road. Due to its size the building is now no longer, though it after it was built with twenty stories taller than anything Surrounding. Shortly after its completion, the building served as a motive for one of the most famous images of the American photographer Alfred Stieglitz .
One of the most striking buildings in the city is the Chrysler Building at 405 Lexington Ave. The Art Deco building has a shiny, stainless steel spire, stepped arches with triangular windows and including the spire and has a height of 319 meters. To the roof, it measures 282 meters.
It was designed by architect William Van Alen in 1930 on behalf of the automobile manufacturer Walter Percy Chrysler (1875-1940) designed. For one year it was the tallest building in the world, then the completed Empire State Building.
Empire State Building
Empire State Building
The Empire State Building is an Art Deco skyscraper on Fifth Avenue in Midtown. It rises 381 meters to the roof, including the antenna even 443 meters into the sky. From 1931 to 1972 it was completed it was the tallest building in the world. Since 11 September 2001 it is again the tallest building in New York City until 2013, in which at Ground Zero, One World Trade Center will be completed with 541 meters height. Since its completion have about 120 million visitors a panorama of the city from the viewing platform on the 86th Stock from the public. In the 102nd Floor, the top floor is another observation deck. This is located inside the building.
On special occasions, holidays, and the spire shines different colored lights.
The building also played in engagement ring several popular motion pictures an important role, including King Kong and the white woman , Independence Day and the love of my life .
World Financial Center
The “World Financial Center” is located at 200 Liberty Street in lower Manhattan in Battery Park City on the Hudson River, adjacent to the financial heart of the metropolis. This complex was designed by Cesar Pelli & Associates. In the four towers “have American Express “,” CIBC World Markets , “” Dow Jones “,” Merrill Lynch “and other major companies have their headquarters.
It centers on a winter garden in the high palm trees in the Sonoran Desert in Arizona are. Additional facilities in the complex of restaurants, shops and a piazza that offers views to the marina on the Hudson River. The various cultural events and performances are free. The conservatory and other parts have been following the terror attack on the World Trade Center on 11 September 2001 severely affected. The repair work in the winter garden have been completed in September 2002.
→ Main article : List of tallest buildings in New York
The Bank of America Tower , the second tallest building in New York City
The Bank of America Tower since the year 2008 New York’s second tallest building after the Empire State Building . The 366 meter high skyscraper belongs to a new generation of skyscrapers in New York, which are built very modern and environmentally friendly and also very high. The building, which the Bank of America has been ordered suppressed, the famous Chrysler Building from Rank 2 to Rank 3 of the tallest buildings in the city. Another example is the New York Times Tower , headquarters of the new New York Times , which was completed in 2007 and with 319 meters at least as tall as the Chrysler Building.
The tallest building is in 2013 the One World Trade Center (formerly the Freedom Tower ) at Ground Zero are. With 541 meters, this building is the Empire State Building tower far above, as is the One World Trade Center more than 120 feet taller than its predecessor: the twin towers of the old World Trade Center (built from 1966 to 1972/73, 417 meters high, at 11 . destroyed by the September 2001 attack).
The Hearst Tower by Norman Foster designed with an idiosyncratic facade is the first skyscraper, whose construction were especially ecological aspects in the foreground.
In 1986, completed Lipstick Building by Philip Johnson – in the background the Citigroup Center
Characteristic of the building of the New York Life Insurance Company in 51 Madison Avenue . is the golden pyramid roof. The architect Cass Gilbert designed the neo-Gothic building 1928th
The “Paramount Building” at 1501 Broadway in 1927 was designed by Rapp & Rapp. Striking is the stepped up top, crowning a clock and a globe.
The built in international style, ” Seagram Building “at 375 Park Avenue . was opened in electronic cigarette 1958. The block is made of bronze glass and steel designed by the German architect Mies van der Rohe was built. The Nobel-restaurant “Four Seasons” is also located in this building.
The Time Warner Center at 10 Columbus Circle, as once the World Trade Center consists of twin towers . With its completion in the year 2004, this is the first building complex, whose construction cna certification work after the terrorist attacks of 2001 were completed and one of the most modern centers. Thus, there are in the Time Warner Center offices , a shopping center , television studio , a concert hall , a theater and a hotel and condominiums .
The multi-millionaire Donald Trump was in 725 Fifth Avenue building an office and apartment tower in the luxury class. The ” Trump Tower “is built in the style of postmodernism. Over six stories high stretches the magnificent atrium. In the lower floors of the building there are several boutiques, Bins jewelers and other exclusive shops for the high demands in the upper levels of the apartments.
The ” UN Headquarters “in the 1st Avenue / 46th Street consists of several buildings, roads and parks. In 1952 the United Nations were able to move their headquarters after John D. Rockefeller II (1874-1960) 8.5 million U.S. dollars for the purchase of the property donated and the U.S. lent interest-free money. The office is located in the 39-story green glass skyscraper and the curved “General Assembly Building”, the hall of the Assembly and the visitor’s entrance can be found.
Since 1931, the counts in the Art Deco style, the ” Waldorf Astoria “at 301 Park Avenue to the big luxury hotels in New York. In the twin towers are pompous room for the wealthy and famous personalities. The lobby of the building with marble columns , bronze and mahogany fitted.
The Woolworth Building at 322 Broadway was completed in 1913 and was until 1930 the tallest building in the world. By the architect Cass Gilbert designed elegant gothic skyscraper topped by a pyramidal roof and has many animal ornaments. In addition to the headquarters of the “FW Woolworth Company” There were shops and a restaurant in the tower.
The ” Brooklyn Bridge “was completed in 1883 and was at that time the longest suspension bridge in the world. It spans the East River and was the first bridge to Manhattan with Brooklyn combined. The engineer John August Roebling (1806-1869) designed this marvel of technology, experienced but not the completion. His son finished the work. To check whether the bridge can carry large weights, the circus became Barnum with numerous elephants sent over.
From the upper walkway of the Manhattan skyline in the distance, and the Gothic arches of the bridge piers Bankruptcy can be seen up close. Almost directly below the bridge there is the noble “River Cafe” in Brooklyn.
Building in SoHo
The Greene Street in SoHo
In the district of SoHo (South of Houston Street), there are numerous galleries, antique shops, cafes and museums, to which branch of the “Guggenheim Museum,” which includes “New Museum of Contemporary Art” and the “Museum of African Art.”
Worth seeing are the warehouses from the 1860 and 1890, with its beautifully ornate cast-iron facades. The district “Cast-Iron Historic District” was declared a National Monument. Many of these buildings are now a loft or studio use. SoHo has developed in New York has now become a fashionable district. It houses the world’s largest collection of cast iron architecture.
The cast iron was discovered on the lookout for ways to construct buildings quickly and without great expense. Thus, instead of using heavy masonry iron girders to support the floors and thus gained space for larger windows, and especially for facades. Almost every idea of an architect could be realized with cast iron. The architect-designed factories with SoHo Baroque balustrades and Renaissance columns.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral
Even the religion plays in the architecture of New York a major role. In Uptown are the “Biblical Garden”, various sculptures and the still unfinished Cathedral of St. John the Divine , with its mixture of Romanesque and Gothic styles.
The construction of scrabble word finder the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine began in 1892, were interrupted when war broke out in 1939 and the early 1990s, despite much controversy and money troubles sporadically resumed. Only two thirds of the cathedral are completed. Should it ever be completed as planned, they would be at today’s level, the largest church in the world and large enough to Notre-Dame de Paris and the Cathedral of Chartres absorb them.
Uptown is also in the Riverside Church with the 120-meter high belfry. The architects were Charles Henry C. Pelton and Collens, the construction lasted from 1927 to 1933, and donors was John D. Rockefeller II .
The construction work on the neo-Gothic St. Patrick’s Cathedral on Fifth Avenue and 50th Street was completed 1888th Its builder, James Renwick has compiled all the details of the Gothic style carefully.
At the western end of Wall Street, on Broadway between Rector and Church Street, stands the Gothic Trinity Church , whose cemetery rest on many well-known personalities of the U.S. founding history. Built in 1846 by architect Richard Upjohn, it was 50 years the tallest building in the city.
Grand Central Terminal
In E. 42nd electronic cigarette review St. Park Ave., In the heart of Midtown, was 1903-1913 by the architects Warren & Wetmore from Minnesota, the ” Grand Central Terminal “was constructed. The building combines the romance of traveling on the one hand and on the other hand, the history of a magnificent building from the station at that time.
Thanks to the use of famous personalities such as New York’s Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis , the station was saved from demolition and designated a city landmark. When was the “Grand Central Terminal” long used only for transit, it presents itself after extensive renovation in the 1990s, today, with many exclusive shops and restaurants. The cost of the renovation amounted to about $ 200 million.
The twelve-story concourse is 142 feet long, 50 meters wide and 46 meters high. Sparkle to the vaulted ceiling more than 2,500 stars in the zodiac constellations and the huge windows provide sun-drenched halls.
New York Public Library
New York Public Library
The New York Public Library is one of the leading libraries in the U.S. and one of the three public libraries in New York. The design of the New York Public Library Fifth Avenue , between 40th and 42nd Sts., made in 1897 by architects Carrère & Hastings.
1911 built in the Beaux-Arts style, the library offers space for more than seven million books and 10,000 magazines. Your status will be one of the world’s leading libraries occupied by the possession of, for example, a Gutenberg Bible , an edition of the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica and the Declaration of Independence, handwritten by Thomas Jefferson . The first books are from John Jacob Astor (1763-1848).
Dakota apartment house
The luxury apartment building The Dakota (also Dakota building called) at the corner of 72nd Street and Central Park West was developed by Henry J. Hardenbergh designed and built in 1880-1884 in a poor neighborhood at that time. It is one of the few surviving examples of the neo-Gothic style of architecture in New York. Hardenbergh was also the architect of the famous New York Plaza Hotel . Owner of “Dakota” was Edward Clark , the owner of the Singer sewing machine company , but this did not live to see it completed.
The name may be alleged to arise during the construction phase, because the property at that time so far was outside the built-up urban area, that it was said jokingly, it befände already in the tribal territory of Dakota , an Indian nation whose settlement area in the northern U.S. was. As sign above the main entrance of the stone sculpture of an Indian head is sunk.
Altogether there are in the house 65 luxury suites, in which artists such as Cell Phone Accessories Judy Garland , Leonard Bernstein , Boris Karloff and John Lennon have lived. The former member of the Beatles in 1980, just before the shot, “Dakota”. His widow Yoko Ono still lives there today. The building can only be viewed car transport from the outside.
John Lennon Memorial, Central Park West
John Ericsson Monument in Battery Park
→ Main article : Central Park
The Central Park was established in 1853 as a landscape park and used ever since as a public park. He now extends over a length of four kilometers from 59th to 110th Street and 750 feet wide, between 5th and 8th Avenue, and is also the green lungs of New York called. With approximately 340 acres he occupies about five percent of the floor area of Manhattan. It is the largest park in town and one of the largest in the world.
In recent decades, the Central Park has grown into a majestic park. Many joggers and inline skaters use the paved roads in the park for sport. In summer, many New Yorkers go on the weekends in Central Park to get a hearty picnic to recover.
In the south of the park are among other things, a zoo vps hosting and a baseball field and in the middle of a large lake, the “Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir,” and the “Metropolitan Museum of Art.” In the 1990s, nor should the area above the 110th Street because of its proximity to the neighborhood in Harlem and its former high crime rate can be avoided. Meanwhile, New York, however, is one of the safest cities in the United States.
→ Main articles : Battery Park
The Battery Park is a park on the southern tip of Manhattan. The port is located at Battery Park as a starting point for ferries to Ellis Iceland , the Statue of Liberty, according to Staten Iceland and in the summer after Governor Iceland . In the park itself are located next to the monument of the Swedish engineer and inventor John Ericsson numerous other monuments. The park takes its name from the guns that were once stationed here to defend the harbor. By siltation and filling today’s coastline is somewhat advanced. The Landaufschüttung created using the excavated earth to build the World Trade Center .
→ Main article : Bronx Zoo
The Bronx Zoo was 1899th With more than 300 hectares, it is the largest zoo in New York and the largest city located in a zoo in the United States. The Zoo and the New York Botanical Garden is counted, which connects the north. The Bronx Zoo, there are many species that are extinct in the wild already.
Poe Cottage in Fordham, Bronx today
Edgar Allan Poe’s last house is now a lovingly restored and accessible memorial. He lived in the then suburb of Fordham from 1846 to 1849. Here his wife died and cousin Virginia Clemm Poe , the example of his Annabel Lee . Poe Cottage was moved in 1913 to 140 meters from its original site. There is the Poe Park, across the Kingsbridge Road in the Bronx.
→ Main article : Governors Iceland
The south of Manhattan located Governors Iceland is expanded in the coming years, the National Park Service to a new amusement park San Diego Homes For Rent in the heart of New York. The northern part of the historic Castle Williams and Fort Jay is already available for several years during the summer months for the public (the ferry is located directly next to the Staten Iceland Ferry). From the island you have a good view of the Statue of Liberty , Ellis Iceland, New Jersey , the southern tip of Manhattan and the harbor from Brooklyn .
→ Main article : High Line
On the former elevated rail line ” Highline “in the west of Manhattan since 2006, created a park. The City of New York City has invested 50 million U.S. dollars in the project. The park was opened on 8 June 2009, the public.